Taxes are meant used to fund the public system to maintain health, education, infrastructure and services. In order to fund what is required for the basic existance and continuation of civilization, taxes must be issued.
The problem has been, when a small number of people hoard great wealth through:
1. Tying it up in purposefully stalled investments in order to indefinitely hold money.
2. Abusing the biased tax code to hide cash.
3. Getting manipulative accountants to signifcantly lower taxes.
4. Suing people.
5. Creating new companies to avoid obligatory payments and allowing old ones to expire.
6. Taking out life insurance on employees.
Why does it matter if the wealthy don't pay taxes? Because the less money that is being circulated through the economy, the less money can be spent on basic services that RUN THE COUNTRY. The American infrastructure is bullshit right now because nobody spends any money on it.
1. The consequences of taxing the rich
Now those Republicans like to discuss at length that taxing the wealthy will destroy jobs. I assume they're indirectly confessing that if you tax the rich, they will give retribution through lowering the pay of their employees, charging more for business, service and product and perhaps even firing people.
Such is the Carbon Tax in Australia, designed to encourage large businesses to produce less greenhouse emissions. They simply funnel the cost onto their clients.
Now the solution of the rich is to lower taxes for the wealthy, which will create jobs (that won't fix the economy, people working will never fix the economy unless the wealthy PAY THEIR PART)
2. Does it make a moral America to tax people? YES!
Fox News argued that taxing is like taking candy out of one child's basket and putting it in another, to make it fair. Why should you tax the wealthy? They earned their money, they have the right to their own wealth and nobody should be able to tell them to give it away.
However, there are really several problems with this ideology:
1. The social obligation you make by participating in society is that you will do your own individual part, as you're able, to fund the public services YOU USE
. Even if you choose a private sector healthcare, that is your own choice and it does not exempt you from participating in paying for the services of the country's people.
2. Taxing the wealthy more than the poorer people means that money is appropiately and fairly circulated throughout the economy which means that everything that needs to be funded will get paid for.
3. Your wealth comes only by indirectly or directly taking it from other people. By sustaining your wealth without giving anything back, you furthur dominate people's ability to pay the taxes which sustain the country as well as people's ability to pay for their own food, beds and shelters.
4. Taxing is very different to removing personal items from you. Money is not a personal item under the circumstances of taxing and therefore being made to pay tax is not an infringement on your property.
5. Candy is a personal item. Giving a child's candy to other children so they all have the same portion is not a social obligation. The kid has every right to their own candy because it does not reflect the state of anybody else like taxes do.
2. The private sector and the Government's duty
The wealthy propose that basic services like healthcare should be privately owned. This creates motivation, however, to gain profit. When a basic service is publicly owned by the people and operated by the Government, unless it is corrupt, there is 0% motivation to turn over a profit. Even if these public services don't turn over a profit, they must exist.
In Australia we invested in a desalination plant used to recycle water and harness the ocean. The idea was that instead of it being a public entity, owned by the people and Government, a deal was struck in which private business agrees to build and operate it, using taxpayer's money.
So now it's owned by private sector ruffians and is paid for by the people, while in it's own right turning over a profit for the parent company.
Similarly, our train system was bought out by Metro which is a private, non Australian firm using taxpayer money to fund itself, however, the profits go overseas both from taxpayer money and from ticket sales.It's not only the people's obligation to pay taxes for the public services they use, but it's the Government's obligation to use the taxpayer money in their best interests.
3. Privately owning basic rights destroys the poor
If basic rights such as water, electricity, gas, train/bus, telecommunication, infrastructure (public buildings, bridges, roads, train routes, subways, power lines are privately owned, what is our obligation to pay taxes?
If public services are privately owned, it is in their best interests to generate a profit and, because they are public services, they will
make a profit. Therefore why is it our responsibility to fund the upkeep of public services of which the extortionate profits go back to a private owner, possibly overseas.
What you create by privatizing public services is a dystopian world where only the rich can afford to exist and the poor will be destroyed.
4. Healthcare in the hands of rich old white American men
Healthcare which is not owned and funded by the people will seek to make a profit and, in order to make the money they want, they are forced to cut corners. This corner cutting compromises the integrity of their service and is potentially fatal for their patrons who may be denied asking for insurance depending on their health, claiming their insurance or a hospital room when they're ill.
If you privatize our healthcare, you back leave the sick out in the cold.Now you discuss the state of the economy, why it is like this and what may repair them.